Crypto jews surnames

crypto jews surnames

Итальянские евреи Yehudim Italkim) или римские евреи Yehudim Romim), может использоваться в широком смысле для обозначения всех евреев. the Russian Academy of Science as a crypto-Jew which he probably wasn't (at Beider A. A Dictionary of Jewish Surnames from the Russian Empire. – Teaneck. of Majorcan Jews that either were conversos or were Crypto-Jews, An estimated people in the island carry Xueta surnames in the 21st century.

Crypto jews surnames

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Проверьте собственный почтовый ящик на наличие письма с доказательством от Amazon Kindle Support. Связанные Выборки. Опубликовать Чтоб бросить отзыв, пожалуйста, войдите либо зарегайтесь. Вы сможете бросить отзыв о книжке и поделиться своим опытом. Bird of Minerva — сова A nocturnal bird of prey with hawk-like beak and claws and large head with front-facing eyes; bird of night, owl.

Bismarck herring — сельдь Бисмарка, маринованная сельдь филе The history of the original Stralsund Bismarck herring begins in the 19th century when the trader and brewer Johann Wiechmann established his fish cannery. In the backyard his wife Karoline aside other goods manufactured a specialty. She pickled fresh, filleted Baltic herring and dispatched it in small wooden barrels. Because Wiechmann much admired Otto von Bismarck he sent him a barrel of pickled herrings to his birthday.

Bismarck expressed his thanks in a personal writing. On the occasion of the establishment of the German Reich in another barrel was sent to the Imperial Chancellor — this time together with a letter from Wiechmann. In his reply Otto von Bismarck agreed and so the Bismarck herring from Stralsund was born. Black Jack — чёрный пиратский флаг The black pirate flag. Black Maria — тюремная карета; тюремный автомобиль; «чёрный ворон», «воронок», «маруся» The police or prison van is American in origin.

The Boston story is about Maria Lee, a large black woman who kept a boarding house in the s with such severity that she became more feared than the police, who called on her to help them catch and restrain criminals. The first reference we have to such a vehicle in Boston is dated , which might seem to be rather too long after her heyday for there to be a direct connection. Blind Tom — слепой Том, афро-американский пианиствундеркинд; жмурки игра Blind Tom had a national reputation and appeared in New York City and other large cities each year for about 40 years.

Little is known about his early training, nor of the gift of repeating musical selections. He had numerous original compositions published and had a lengthy and largely successful performing career throughout the United States. During the 19th century, he was one of the 27 Bloody Mary most well-known American performing pianists.

The most common way to make her appear is to stand before a mirror in the dark and repeat her name three times. Гоголя «Ревизор» A facetious name for two people who are often seen together and look or act alike. The first of 72 books was published in , the last in , with a separate series of 30 books published from through The books related the adventures of the children of the middle-class Bobbsey family, which included two sets of fraternal twins: Bert and Nan, who were 12 years old, and Flossie and Freddie, who were six: We called them the Bobbsey twins, because they always had the same opinions.

Вот и всё! И все дела! Everything is fine, problem solved. This expression is commonly used mainly in Britain and Commonwealth nations. Bow down in the house of Rimmon — библ. Box and Cox — то Бокс, то Кокс; делать что-либо попеременно особ.

Take turns. Box and Cox were two lodgers who shared their rooms — one occupying them by day and the other by night: These two opponents lived a Box and Cox existence in the city. Cain, the elder, killed his brother out of jealousy that God seemed to favor him more. The grammar is divided into eighteen books, of which the first sixteen deal mainly with sounds, word-formation and inflexions; the last two deal with syntax. He was so devoted to his favorite study that to speak false Latin in his company was as disagreeable to him as to break his head.

Brother Jonathan — пренебр. Brother Jonathan was usually depicted as a typical American revolutionary, with tri-cornered hat and long military jacket. A popular folk tale about the origin of the term holds that the character derives from Jonathan Trumbull — , Governor of Connecticut. It is said that George Washington often uttered the words: We must consult Brother Jonathan when faced with a difficult question; however, that origin is doubtful, as neither man made reference to the story during their lifetimes.

The character was adopted by Americans from to During the War of , the term Uncle Sam appeared. Soon the increasingly popular Uncle Sam see p. Indeed, this character can be seen as an intermediate step between Yankee Doodle and Uncle Sam as a representation of the everyday American. This musket was used in the era of the expansion of the British Empire and acquired symbolic importance at least as significant as its physical importance.

It was in use for over a hundred years with many changes in its design. One hypothesis is that the Brown Bess was named after Elizabeth I of England, but this lacks support. Another suggestion is that the name is simply the counterpart to the earlier Brown Bill. Who or what Buckley was remains uncertain: the name is sometimes said to refer to William Buckley, a convict transported to Australia in who escaped and lived with the Aborigines for many years, despite dire predictions as to his chances of survival.

Buggins is one of the generic names, like John Smith, Joe Blow etc. Mayors of English towns and cities have long been selected this way. The name Buggins may have been coined by sailing folk. He promoted navigation and commerce but was avaricious and deceitful. He also killed travelers and guests, violating the hospitality laws of the goddess named Xenia. He took pleasure in these killings because they allowed him to maintain his iron-fisted rulership. King Sisyphus was punished by being compelled to roll an immense boulder up a hill, only to watch it roll back down, and to repeat this throughout eternity.

Since the paradox assumes the ass will always go to whichever is closer, it will die of both hunger and thirst since it cannot make any rational decision to choose one over the other. The paradox is named after the 14th century French philosopher Jean Buridan, whose philosophy of moral determinism it satirizes. A common variant of the paradox substitutes two identical piles of hay for the hay and water; the ass, unable to choose between the two, dies of hunger.

Political cartoon c. Busy Lizzy — «деловая Лизи», комнатное растение семейства бальзаминовых; разновидность герани A type of flower belonging to the genus Impatiens, of the balsam family, having irregular, spurred flowers; so called because the elastic capsules burst when touched, and scatter the seeds with considerable force; called also touch-me-not. Even today young English people may be taught Roman history directly from original Latin texts which is why the name Jove for God has probably continued to flourish in some circles.

The Greeks call him Zeus. The expression seems first to have appeared in the s. By the Lord Harry! Lord Harry — шутливое прозвище беса Can be used as an expletive. Lord Harry and Old Harry are yet more veiled reference to Satan. Sources are split over whether it is a corruption of Hairy from satyr-like depictions or from the same root as harry and harrow in their torment, ravage, pillage senses. However Clodius, a young patrician, managed to gain admittance disguised as a woman, apparently for the purpose of seducing Pompeia.

He was caught and prosecuted for sacrilege. Caesar gave no evidence against him at the trial, and he was acquitted. Calamity Jane Am — «паникёрша Джейн»; человек, вечно делающий пессимистические предсказания; пессимист, паникер Pessimistic, panicking, panic-stricken person; prophesying disaster.

She was an American frontierswoman and professional scout who gained fame fighting Native Americans. She is said to have also 34 Cassandra warnings exhibited kindness and compassion, especially to the sick and needy. This contrast helped to make her a famous and infamous frontier figure. Born in Princeton, Missouri in , she would later grow up to look and act like a man, shoot like a cowboy, drink like a fish, and exaggerate the tales of her life to any and all who would listen.

It was in that Calamity Jane reportedly earned her name. As Calamity told the story, it happened at Goose Creek, Wyoming. Captain Egan was in command of the Post and the troops were ordered out to quell an Indian uprising. After a couple of days, when the soldiers were heading back to camp, they were ambushed by a large group of Indians. Captain Egan was the first to be shot and fell from his horse.

Calamity Jane was riding in advance, Calamity Jane, but upon hearing gunfire, she turned in her saddle and saw the Captain fall. Galloping back, she lifted him onto her horse and got him safely back to the Fort. Captain Egan on recovering, laughingly said, I name you Calamity Jane, the heroine of the plains.

Cask of Danaides — миф. Cassandra warnings — миф. The term originates in Greek mythology. Cassandra was a daughter of Priam, the King of Troy. Cassandra was left with the knowledge of future events, but could neither alter these events nor convince others of the validity of her predictions. Thus, while Cassandra foresaw the destruction of Troy, she was unable to do anything to forestall the tragedy since no one believed her.

Catch Jesse Am sl — «поймать Джесси», получить нагоняй; быть избитым см. Give somebody Jesse, с. The origin of the term is obscure. The component stars are the seven brightest of the constellation Ursa Major. The Dipper is significant because the North Star Polaris can be found using it.

As an adjective, it means shabby, or low quality: The street was lined with cheap-john shops. Checkpoint Charlie became a symbol of the Cold War, representing the separation of east and west. Soviet and American tanks briefly faced each other at the location during the Berlin Crisis of After the dissolution of the Eastern Bloc and the reunification of Germany, the building at Checkpoint Charlie became a tourist attraction. It is now located in the Allied Museum in Berlin. Chippendale feet — ножки Чиппендейла соответствующая форма ножек стульев работы этого профессионалы Chippendale furniture is named after Thomas Chippendale of England.

Chippendale was a cabinetmaker by trade and was well known for his mastery in wood carving and design. The London and New York ones are a pair, while the Paris one comes from a different original site, where its twin remains. Clever Dick Am — уверенный в себе всезнайка; нахал, наглец, хлыщ see Smart Alec, p. In , soon after wealth came to him through inheritance from the McClintocks, his foster or adoptive family, the orphan John Steele left the farm and began a lavish and picturesque life, rapidly spending his way through his fortune.

After his lavish lifestyle, Steele fell into bankruptcy. He shuttled around, moving to the Mid-West, eventually becoming a railroad station agent. According to his autobiography, written in , after his fall he was hounded by the public and the press and became a recluse to avoid them. Colonel Blimp Br old-fashioned — полковник Блимп, самодовольный реакционер An extremely conservative, pompous, reactionary person, opposed to reform. After Colonel Blimp, a cartoon character invented by David Low — A person who is particularly noteworthy for his or her ability, deserving admiration; a person or thing of exceptional quality or ability; something excellent of its kind: He drifted into seal hunting and became a crackerjack.

Some food historians consider it the first junk food. In the name was trademarked for the caramel popcorn product. In Jack Norworth wrote the lyrics for Take Me Out to the Ballgame, which mentioned the name of the candy propelling it to fame. This will make the alcohol in the liqueur evaporate, resulting in a fairly thick, caramelized sauce. The origin of the dish and its name is somewhat disputed. He was preparing a dessert for Edward, Prince of Wales, the son of Queen Victoria, whose guests included a beautiful French girl named Suzette.

The legend is associated with Alexander the Great. The phrase is often used as a metaphor for an intractable problem solved by a bold stroke cutting the Gordian knot. At one time the Phrygians were without a king. An oracle decreed that the next man to enter the city driving an ox-cart should become their king. A peasant farmer named Gordias drove into town on an ox-cart and was declared king by the priests. Out of gratitude, his son Midas dedicated the ox-cart to the Phrygian god and either tied it to a post or tied its shaft with an intricate knot of cornel bark.

The ox-cart still stood in the palace of the former kings of Phrygia at Gordium in the fourth century BC when Alexander arrived. In BC, while wintering at Gordium, he attempted to untie the knot. When he could not find the end to the knot to unbind it, he sliced it in half with a stroke of his sword the so-called Alexandrian solution. That night there was a violent thunderstorm. Someone who makes a wise judgment about something that has previously proven difficult to resolve.

This phrase doubtless alludes to the Biblical character Daniel, who was attributed with having fine powers of judgment Daniel Darby and Joan — Дарби и Джоан, древняя любящая супружеская чета имена героев баллады Г. Вудфолла, размещенной в году A proverbial phrase for a married couple content to live a quiet shared life; an archetypal elderly couple.

The term Darby and Joan used to be common in the UK to denote a devoted old couple who are living out their retirement years in quiet, if impoverished, contentment. It may also be used disparagingly to describe younger people who are perceived to favor spending their evenings in or to follow pursuits seen as middle-aged. It has long been wondered whether Darby and Joan were fictitious or real people and various attempts to link the term to actual individuals have been made.

The most frequently repeated attribution is that Darby and Joan was coined by the English printer Henry Woodfall c. David and Jonathan — библ. David became king. The biblical text does not explicitly depict the nature of the relationship between David and Jonathan. The traditional and mainstream religious interpretation of the relationship has been one of platonic love and an example of homosociality.

Some later Medieval and Renaissance literature drew upon the story to underline strong personal friendships between men, some of which involved romantic love. For obscure reasons, 18th-century seamen gave the name Davy Jones to the ruler of the evil spirits of the sea. This nautical superstition was popularized in the 19th century He played a critical role in the gradual transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. Gaius Julius Caesar died on the Ides of March.

Despite the overwhelming public favor of the great leader, he was assassinated by men who were thought to be his allies. It is estimated that the conspirators numbered around 60, but only 16 were known. When they were finished, Caesar lay dead with 23 wounds. Dine with Duke Humphrey — эвфемизм отобедать с герцогом Хэмфри; остаться без обеда Go without dinner. The phrase to dine with Duke Humphrey was used by poor people in Elizabethan times to avoid mentioning that they did not have the money to pay for food.

At dinnertime they would excuse themselves by saying they would be eating with the Duke. He was a paragon for Eton College, an exemplar for Oxford, accomplished, diplomatic, with political cunning. Unlike his brothers, he was not naturally brave, but opinionated, fervent and judgmental.

He exaggerated his own achievements, but idolized his brother Henry V. His house, shop and warehouse became so filthy that he became a celebrity of dirt. The warehouse was later demolished. But the successive pub owners capitalized on the legend. By the end of the 19th century, they were producing commemorative booklets and promotional material to advertise the pub. For years it kept the cobwebs, dead cats and other disgusting things in the cellar bar, but these have now been tidied up to a glass display case.

There has been no verified sighting of him since then, so he was declared legally dead in October Do a Melba Austr, New Zeal inf — устроить затянувшееся прощание, длинный уход со сцены Return from retirement; make several farewell appearances.

Doctor Fell — доктор Фелл, человек, вызывающий к для себя невольную антипатию John Fell — was an English churchman and influential academic. He was the most zealous man of his time for the Church of England and he made many converts from the Roman Catholics and Nonconformists. He was a disciplinarian, and possessed a talent for the education of young men, many of whom he received into his own family. As Vice-Chancellor, Fell personally visited the drinking taverns and ordered out the students.

Figuratively the phrase refers to a person you feel antipathy to. Dolly Varden — Долли Варден, колоритная кокетка, персонаж романа Ч. Somehow the name was passed on to a fish from the Arctic Char Family who has the same flashy appearance: Dolly Varden trout. Don Juan — Дон Жуан; донжуан, обольститель Don Juan Spanish or Don Giovanni Italian is a legendary, fictional libertine whose story has been told many times by many authors. The novel follows the adventures of Alonso Quijano, who reads too many chivalric novels, and sets out 47 Dorian Gray to revive chivalry under the name of Don Quixote.

Published in two volumes a decade apart, in and , Don Quixote is considered the most influential work of literature from the Spanish Golden Age. Don Quixote has selective vision of the real world. Windmills are giant brutes, sheep are attacking armies, and slaves are oppressed gentlemen. Quixote is an idealist seeing things through rose-colored glasses at times. This character has survived the centuries demonstrating his universal appeal to all.

The novel tells of a young man named Dorian Gray, the subject of a painting by artist Basil Hallward. Realizing that one day his beauty will fade, Dorian whimsically expresses a desire to sell his soul to ensure the portrait Basil has painted would age rather than him. The portrait serves as a reminder of the effect each act has upon his soul, with each sin displayed as a disfigurement of his form, or through a sign of aging.

Unfortunately, this entry lacks etymological information. The Dolly bag, originally called the Dorothy bag, was carried by the bridesmaid to carry their confetti in. Throwing 48 Douglas-fir confetti is a former fertility rites tradition. Variations occur throughout the world: flowers, petals, grain, cakes, sugar almonds and rice are all used. After seeing Jesus alive and being offered the opportunity to touch his wounds, according to the author of the Gospel of John, Thomas then professed his faith in Jesus.

For this reason he is also called Thomas the Believer. The Biblical account then reports that Jesus said, Blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed. Douglas-fir — ель Дугласа, распространённое заглавие вечнозелёных хвойных деревьев One of the English common names for evergreen coniferous trees. The common name Douglas-fir honors David Douglas, the Scottish botanist who is known for introducing many North American native conifers to Europe. The hyphen in the name indicates that Douglas-firs are not true firs.

Drive Like Jehu was an American post-hardcore and alternative rock band from San Diego active from to Jehu as a noun may refer to a king of Israel noted for his furious chariot attacks; also, jehu is a fast driver or the driver of a cab or coach. He pretends to dedicate the novel to him for supplying him with dry historical details. Since then the derisory term is used to describe anyone who presents historical facts with no feeling for the personalities involved, making the story dull, dry, or boring.

Its presence is said to have been due to John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, the Constable of the Tower in , whence it got its name. The trial by rack is utterly unknown to the law of England, though once when some ministers of Henry VI designed to introduce the civil i. But when in the reign of Charles I, upon the assassination of the 1st Duke of Buckingham by John Felton, it was proposed to put the assassin to the rack, in order to discover his accomplices, the judges declared unanimously that no such proceeding was allowable by the laws of England.

The phrase was made popular from the vaudeville acts of George Burns and Gracie Allen who played the actual role of Dumb Dora , eventually becoming a name of a classic comic strip. The comic strip was discontinued in despite being given a new lease of life in the s on a CBS game show called Match Game, extending the routine to audience participation.

Members who were watching in the studio would shout the phrase How dumb is she? Flappers1 during the s shared many of the same common characteristics of a dumb Dora. Flappers were seen as brash for wearing excessive makeup, drinking, treating sex in a casual manner, smoking, driving automobiles and otherwise flouting social and sexual norms.

Eisenhower jacket Eisenhower was born in , the third of seven boys. Eisenhower was the 34th President of the United States from until Caesar initially resisted his attackers, but when he saw Brutus, he supposedly spoke those words and resigned himself to his fate. The version best known in the English52 Every Tom, Dick and Harry speaking world is the Latin phrase, which actually forms the first half of a macaronic line: Et tu, Brute?

Then fall, Caesar! Shakespeare in turn was making use of a phrase already in common use in his time. If everything is equal between people, they are even Stevens. As for the origin of the phrase, there was an unstoppable and very famous Australian horse called Even Stevens and in a major race the odds offered were even. In this horse won the Melbourne cup. In the US, it is even Steven and it is much older than Most probably, even plus the name Steven is used as rhyming slang. Also, Even Stevens is a popular American comedy television series that aired on Disney Channel from to Every Tom, Dick and Harry — обыденные, заурядные люди; 1-ый встречный, всякий, каждый, все без разбора, каждый встречный и поперечный ср.

The phrase means everyone, and implies common or ordinary people. It was used in America as early as the late s. Fabian policy, a policy like that of the Roman general Fabius Maximus, who, by carefully avoiding decisive contests, foiled Hannibal, harassing his army by marches, countermarches, and ambuscades.

Feast of Lucullus — Лукуллов пир, шикарный пир по имени древнеримского богача Лукулла, прославившегося необычайной роскошью The phrase relates to lavish, luxurious, sumptuous Lucullus banquets. Though a Lucullan feast has passed into proverb, Lucullus was not a mere conspicuous consumer. He formed a fine library and kept it open to scholars, wrote himself and supported writers.

His garden was filled with works of art, particularly Greek sculpture, both originals and copies of the Old Masters, and has thus been a rich archaeological source of ancient sculpture. Florence Nightingale — Флоренс Найтингейл, британская медсестра времен Крымской войны Florence Nightingale — was a celebrated English nurse, writer and statistician. She came to prominence for her pioneering work in nursing in military hospitals during the Crimean War — , where she tended to wounded soldiers.

An Anglican, Nightingale believed that God had called her to be a nurse. St Anthony the Abbot is the patron saint of butchers, as well as of pigs and those who raise them. This is used as an exclamation to show exasperation or irritation. Usually used in exasperation, as in Oh, for the love of Pete! The first edition was published anonymously in London in A monster fictional character is often referred to as Frankenstein, but in the novel the creature has no name.

Victor Frankenstein builds the creature in his laboratory through methods of science he was a chemistry student and alchemy which are not clearly described. Immediately upon bringing the creature to life, Frankenstein flees from it in 55 Freudian slip horror and disavows his experiment. Abandoned, frightened, and completely unaware of his own identity, the monster wanders through the wilderness searching for someone who would understand and shelter him.

Rejected, he turns on his maker and, destroying everyone he loves, hounds him to his death. Symbolically, the phrase means the creation that turns on its creator. Due largely to this, the monster is now generally known as Frankenstein. Freudian slip — оговорка по Фрейду речевая ошибка, вызванная действием подсознания Sigmund Freud — was an Austrian neurologist who founded the discipline of psychoanalysis. If someone makes a Freudian slip, they accidentally use the wrong word, but in doing so reveal what they are really thinking.

Also called parapraxis, it is an error in speech, memory, or physical action that is interpreted as occurring due to the interference of some unconscious, subdued wish, conflict, or train of thought.

In general use, the term Freudian slip means something you say that is different from what you intended to say, and is supposed to show your hidden emotions or thoughts, especially about sex: She: What would you like — bread and butter, or cake? He: Bed and butter. Friend of Dorothy inf euphemistic — дружок Доротеи, гомосексуалист A homosexual person.

In gay slang, a friend of Dorothy occasionally abbreviated FOD is a term for a gay man. Stating that, or asking if, someone was a friend of Dorothy was a euphemism used for discussing sexual orientation without others knowing its meaning. Queen was used in England, mostly in the first half of the 20th century. The precise origin of the term is 56 Full Monty unknown and there are various theories.

In the film, Dorothy is accepting of those who are different. Others claim that the phrase refers to celebrated humorist and critic Dorothy Parker, who included some gay men in her famous social circle. It is popular with tourists because it is usually regarded as the most northerly settlement of mainland Great Britain, although this is not a claim made by the inhabitants and is false.

The town takes its name from Jan de Groote, a Dutchman who obtained a grant for the ferry from the Scottish mainland to Orkney. Full Monty — с полной выкладкой; по полной программе; джентльменский набор всё, что положено в какойлибо ситуации ; амер. An American equivalent might be the phrase the whole nine yards. The contract for supplying these suits was fulfilled by Montague Burton, so the complete suit of clothes issued to the servicemen was known as the full Monty.

He wished to objectively determine the opinions held by the people. To ensure his independence and objectivity, Dr Gallup resolved that he would undertake no polling that was paid for or sponsored in any way by special interest groups such as the Republican and Democratic parties, a commitment that Gallup upholds to this day.

In Gallup successfully predicted that Franklin Roosevelt would defeat Alfred Landon for the US presidency; this event quickly popularized the company. The Gallup Poll is the division of Gallup that regularly conducts public opinion polls in more than countries around the world. Gallup Polls are often referenced in the mass media as a reliable and objective audience measurement public opinion.

Gallup Polls are best known for their accuracy in predicting the outcome of United States presidential elections. Gerrymander — предвыборные махинации The word gerrymander is an American political term. To gerrymander is to divide an area into election districts so as to give one political party a majority in many districts.

The word gerrymander is a portmanteau from the name of Elbridge Gerry and salamander. Gerry was the governor of Massachusetts when he signed a bill in to redraw the district boundaries to favor the Democrats and weaken the Federalists. The shape of the district he formed was likened in appearance to a salamander, and political cartoonists emphasized that appearance to denigrate the Democrats. Gerry did not sponsor the bill in question and was said to have signed it reluctantly, but his name has gone into history as that of a villain.

However, by analogy with the common name Jerry sometimes spelled Gerry , this word is now almost always pronounced with a soft g, and is sometimes even spelled jerrymander. The word was first found in A Charley horse or Charlie horse is a popular North American colloquial term for painful spasms or cramps in the leg muscles.

The condition is common among hockey players. Gibson Girl — женщина Гибсона, безупречная молоденькая американка конца XIX века The Gibson Girl was the personification of a feminine ideal as portrayed in the satirical pen-and-inkillustrated stories created by Charles Dana Gibson during a year period spanning the late nineteenth and early twentieth century in the United States. Some people argue that the Gibson Girl was the first national standard for feminine beauty. Girl Friday — надёжная, преданная офисная сотрудница в особенности секретарша A very dependable and helpful female office worker; especially a secretary: There was an advertisement in the newspaper for a girl Friday.

Catch Jesse, с. In this expression, Jesse may refer to the father of David Isaiah , 10 , a righteous and valiant man. The term G. For much of the twentieth century, GI has been the common designation for the American fighting man 61 Gladstone bag or woman. The G. Joe trademark has been used by the toy company Hasbro producing a line of action figures.

Gladstone bag — кожаный саквояж Глэдстоуна A Gladstone bag is a small portmanteau suitcase built over a rigid frame which could separate into two equal sections. This phrase is now 62 Gordon Bennett rather archaic and began fading from general use during the later part of the 20th century.

Good Jack makes a good Jill saying — ежели Джек неплох, то и Джилл будет хороша ср. Another variant of the proverb is A good husband makes a good wife. Gordian knot — гордиев узел; неважно какая непростая неувязка The Gordian Knot is a legend associated with Alexander the Great. It is often used as a metaphor for an intractable problem solved easily by cheating or thinking outside the box, i. An intricate knot tied by Gordius in the thong which connected the pole of the chariot with the yoke.

An oracle having declared that he who should untie it should be master of Asia, Alexander the Great averted the ill omen of his inability to loosen it by cutting it with his sword. Hence, a Gordian knot is an inextricable difficulty, and to cut the Gordian knot is to remove a difficulty by bold and energetic measures: W. Gordon Bennett — Гордон Беннет! Чёрт подери! James Gordon Bennett, a newspaper baron, liked to announce his arrival in a restaurant by yanking the tablecloths from all the tables he passed.

He would then hand 63 Granny Smith the manager a wad of cash with which to compensate his victims for their lost meals and spattered attire. Granny Smith apples are crisp, juicy, and tart which makes them perfect for either baking in pies, stewed in sauces or eating out of hand. They are also great in salads because once cut, they keep their color longer than other apples. The Granny Smith green apple originated in Australia in Лицезреет бог!

Вот те на! Вот так-так! Честное слово! Не может быть! Caesar refers to Julius Caesar, the famous Roman politician assassinated after he took complete power in the Roman Republic. Great Godfrey! The lion is out of his cage. An exclamation of surprise, amazement, or dismay. The origin of the expression is uncertain, with several plausible sources.

The general, known to his troops as Old Fuss and Feathers, weighed pounds 21 stone or kg in his later years and was too fat to ride a horse. In England the expression is sometimes humorously extended to Great Scotland Yard! Guinness — Гиннес, крепкий ирландский портер A popular Irish dry stout that originated in the brewery of Arthur Guinness — at Dublin.

Guinness is directly 65 Guinness World Records descended from the porter style that originated in London in the early 18th century and is one of the most successful beer brands worldwide, brewed in almost 50 countries and available in over countries.

A distinctive feature is the burnt flavor which is derived from the use of roasted unmalted barley. For many years a portion of aged brew was blended with freshly brewed product to give a sharp lactic flavor. The thick creamy head is the result of the beer being mixed with nitrogen when being poured.

Guinness World Records — книжка рекордов Гиннеса Known until as The Guinness Book of Records, it is a reference book published annually, containing a collection of world records, both human achievements and the extremes of the natural world. The book itself holds a world record, as the best-selling copyrighted book series of all time. It is also one of the most frequently stolen books from public libraries in the United States.

From the day he was born, Andy Rooney was a mischievous troublemaker. When he was old enough to work, his mother took him to Squire Egan of Merryvale Hall, who hired him as a stableboy. His literal mind and naive ways frequently caused his superiors great agitation. One day, Squire Egan sent Andy to the post office to get a letter. The phrase seems to have originated as either Australian or New Zealand slang sometime before Meredith, who wrote in about We would be as happy as Larry if it were not for the rats.

Unlike 67 Heath Robinson other odd phrases — the Australian happy as a boxing kangaroo in fog time and the New Zealand happy as a sick eel on a sandspit — it was meant positively: extremely happy or content. But this origin is far from certain. The phrase is more likely to come from an English dialect source, larrie, joking, jesting, a practical joke, or larrikin for a mischievous youth.

Another possible link is with the Australian and New Zealand term larrikin for a street rowdy or young urban hooligan, recorded from the late s. Either of these sources could afterwards have been reinforced through a supposed connection with Larry Foley. Heath Robinson Br — чудо-юдо; волшебство морское; непрактичное изобретение; диковина One of the eponyms, i.

If a machine or system is described as Heath Robinson, it is absurdly complex and fancifully impractical. The term was coined after W. Heath Robinson — , a British artist known for drawing ingeniously complicated devices. To say that Robinson was a lover of the absurd is a gross understatement, as he drew very complicated machines that performed simple tasks: The ancient church of St John the Baptist in Clayton, East Sussex, has a bat problem.

Several devices of a Heath Robinson nature are suggested — boards to deflect the trajectory of urine and droppings, flashing lights, ultra-sound, unpleasant smells, stuffed owls, rustling aluminum foil and helium-filled balloons. Used as a common noun, means a bully; as a verb — to intimidate or dominate in a blustering way, to behave like a bully; swagger.

If the shotgun is particularly long, the trigger is often pulled by a toe: Damn it, why did he have to go and use the Hemingway Solution in my room? Herculean Labour s — миф. In a confused and angry state, he killed his own wife and children. Eurystheus ordered Hercules to perform ten labors. A corresponding North African peak in Morocco not being predominant, the identity of the southern Pillar has been disputed through history.

According to some Roman sources, while on his way to the island of Erytheia Hercules had to cross the mountain that was once Atlas. Instead of climbing the great mountain, Hercules used his superhuman strength to smash through it. These two mountains taken together have since then been known as the Pillars of Hercules. A Greek historian, however, held that instead of smashing through an isthmus to create the Straits of Gibraltar, Hercules narrowed an already existing strait to prevent monsters from the Atlantic Ocean from entering the Mediterranean Sea.

Figurative meaning: going to absurd. The Appalachian region was largely settled in the 18th century by the Scotch-Irish. The use of the term outside the Appalachians arose in the years after the American Civil War — , when the Appalachian region became increasingly bypassed by technological and social changes taking place in the rest of the country. As the frontier pushed further west, the Appalachian country retained its frontier character, and the people themselves came to be seen as backward, quick to violence, and inbred in their isolation.

The phrase is said to originate with Thomas Hobson — , a livery stable owner in Cambridge, England. Hobson had an extensive stable of some 40 horses. This gave the appearance to his customers 71 Holy Joe of having their choice of mounts when in fact there was only one. In order to rotate the use of his horses, Hobson offered customers the choice of either taking the horse in the stall nearest the door or taking none at all. Holy Joe Am sl — святой Джо прозвище военных священников ; ханжа, лицемер, фарисей A minister or chaplain; any sanctimonious or selfrighteous person.

Holy Moses inf — святой Моисей; выражение удивления, наслаждения либо гнева Used to express strong feelings of astonishment, pleasure, or anger. Home, James has been an expression for a very long time, but it is difficult to find its precise origin.

It seems to have found a large part of its popularity from the song by Fred Hillebrand. Homeric laughter — гомерический хохот; неудержимый, громовой смех Boisterous, loud and unrestrained laughter, prolonged belly laughing, as that of the gods. People laugh differently. Some laugh silently, while others tend to guffaw. When you think about it, this is how the crazy Homer Simpson laughs as well! Homer sometimes nods — букв. As you are unable to think clearly, you begin to make numerous mistakes: When I told Jill there were a couple of errors in her report, she replied that even Homer sometimes nods.

He successfully led his country through a great constitutional, military and moral crisis — the American Civil War — preserving the Union, while ending slavery, and promoting economic and financial modernization. Innumerable incidents are related of Lincoln, who sprang to protect defenseless women from insult, or feeble children from tyranny; for in the rude community in which he lived, the rights of the defenseless 73 Honest Injun were not always respected as they should have been.

On one occasion, when he worked as a general store clerk, finding late at night, when he counted over his cash, that he had taken a few cents from a customer more than was due, he closed the store, and walked a long distance to make good the deficiency. Honest Injun Am dated — «честный индеец», клятва верности Honestly, really; an oath of honesty. Hooverville Am — Гувервиль, бидонвиль; поселок безработных; лачуги из фанеры, ящиков и т. A Hooverville was the popular name for shanty towns built by homeless people during the Great Depression.

They were hundreds throughout the country, each testifying to the housing crisis that accompanied the employment crisis of the early s. Hooverville was a deliberately politicized label, emphasizing that President Herbert Hoover and the Republican Party were to be held responsible for the economic crisis and its miseries.

House that Jack built — «дом, который выстроил Джек»; рассказ с повторениями намёк на известные детские стихи It is a popular British nursery rhyme and cumulative tale. The phrase can imply some repetitive story and used derisively. This is the house that Jack built This is the malt That lay in the house that Jack built. This is the rat, That ate the malt That lay in the house that Jack built.

This is the cat, That killed the rat, That ate the malt That lay in the house that Jack built. This is the dog, That worried the cat, That killed the rat, That ate the malt That lay in the house that Jack built. The people assembled; Mahomet called the hill to come to him, again and again; and when the hill stood still, he was never a whit abashed, but said, If the hill will not come to Mahomet, Mahomet will go to the hill.

Though widely attributed to Muhammad, the prophet of Islam who lived in Arabia in 6th century, there is no written or oral tradition that traces this phrase back to him. In a Pickwickian sense — шутл. The unsophisticated, innocent founder of the Pickwick Club, Mr Pickwick embarks on a series of delightful excursions with his friends, meeting all sorts and conditions of men in 19th-century England.

In the novel Mr Pickwick and Mr Blotton call each other names and it appears later that they were using the offensive words only in a Pickwickian sense and had the highest regard for each other. Hence the phrase in a Pickwickian sense is descriptive of word usage that departs from the sense commonly understood: Now, anybody reading that would realize that is a deadline only in a kind of Pickwickian sense. In like Flynn —«А Флинн уж там»; посл. He was a famous actor and his ability to attract women was well known throughout the world.

Morpheus was the ancient Greek god of dreams. Is Saul also among the prophets? Paul the Apostle c. According to the writings in the New Testament, Paul was known as Saul prior to his conversion, and was dedicated to the persecution of the early disciples of Jesus in the area of Jerusalem. While traveling from Jerusalem to Damascus on a mission, the resurrected Jesus appeared to him in a great light.

Saul was struck blind, but after three days his sight was restored, and Paul began to preach that Jesus of Nazareth is the Jewish Messiah and the Son of God. The only individuals they refer to are John Doe or John Q. Public, i. Examples are johnny-come-lately and Johnny Reb for a Confederate soldier.

Jack is generally used to refer to the male of a species, thus jackass and jackdaw. The jackrabbit is said to have gotten its name because it has ears resembling a jackass. Applejack, brandy derived from apple cider, was not invented by a person named Jack. Applejohn evolved into the more friendly sounding apple-jack, except in parts of New England where it remains apple-john.

Jack Tar, meaning a sailor, probably does not refer to anyone of that name, but to the tar-splattered clothing some sailors sported when working in the bowels of ships. Jack Frost has been mentioned as the personification of cold weather since Frost is a real last name, and there are, therefore a few real Jack Frosts out there.

Paperjacking, an information age version has been recently 78 Jack and John identified. Paperjackers copy real Web pages to their own sites. The toy known as a jack-in-the-box took its name from a 16th-century container which was designed to fool the person who opened it into thinking there was something valuable inside. So the name Jack can refer to: Jack — уменьшительно-ласкательное имя от Jacob; человек, ведущий верный образ жизни This hypocorism for Jacob has come to denote any individual person.

Jack — пятифунтовая купюра A five pound note. Jack — домкрат An instrument for lifting up a motor car or other heavy weight: You should always keep a jack in the car in case you need to change a wheel. Jack — игральная карта, валет The playing-card between the ten and queen, sometimes called the knave; one of the face cards in a deck bearing the picture of a young prince: The jack, queen and king are the three face cards.

The origin of the rhyme is obscure and there are several theories that attempt to interpret the lyrics. The rhyme is known to date back to at least the 18th century. The song is sometimes titled Jack and Gill, particularly in early versions. Common modern version of the rhyme includes: Jack and Jill went up the hill To fetch a pail of water. Jack fell down and broke his crown, And Jill came tumbling after. Jack around — растрачивать время впустую Waste time.

Benjamin Franklin wrote many words of wisdom. He used his printing press to share his wisdom with his fellow Americans. He hoped that his wise sayings would give people guidance for living their daily lives. Jackleg or jack-leg is a native American colloquialism since that was often applied to doctors and lawyers in the Old West.

The expression a Jack of all trades came into use in It was a complimentary expression referring to a person who could do anything. Jack is an informal word for trade laborer. It was much later that and master of none, became attached to it. The longer version started being used in the latter half of the 19th century: How come Joe did such a sloppy job? Jack-in-office — «Джек в офисе», самонадеянный, важничающий чиновник, маленький служащий; чинуша, бюрократ A self-important petty official: If there is anything that is not to be tolerated on any terms, anything that is a type of Jackin-office insolence and absurdity, anything that represents in coats, waistcoats, and big sticks our English holding on by nonsense after every one has found it out, it is a beadle.

When the crank is turned, it plays a melody, often Pop Goes the Weasel. Quick service made the new location very popular. But the success came to a halt in the s because of two main factors: the national recession of —91 and more importantly, the E. Jackass — осёл обыкн. Jackass is an American reality series, originally shown on MTV from to , featuring people performing various dangerous, crude, ridiculous, self-injuring stunts and pranks. Jackboot — сапог выше колена; ист. The peacocks, however, tore the feathers off him and pecked him until he went away.

He sadly returned to his own folk, but he was cast out once again and suffered the pain of public humiliation. First known use of jackpot is Jackrabbit start inf — рвануть; резко тронуться, сорваться с места A very sudden fast start from a stop: Bob made a jackrabbit start when the traffic light turned green.

Jackroller Am sl — вор, грабящий пьяных; путана, обирающая клиентов One who robs a drunken or sleeping person; a prostitute who robs her customers. In Britain and United States, Jack is a variant of Old Man Winter and is held responsible for frosty weather, for nipping the nose and toes in such weather, coloring the foliage in autumn, and leaving fernlike patterns on cold windows in winter.

He sometimes appears in literature, film, television, song, and video games as a sinister mischief maker. It is typically seen during Halloween. Jack Tar — мор. Both members of the public, and seafarers themselves, made use of the name in identifying those who went to sea.

It was not used as an offensive term and sailors were happy to use it to label themselves. There are several plausible etymologies for the reference to tar. Seamen were known to tar their clothes before departing on voyages, in order to make them waterproof. Later they frequently wore coats and hats made from a waterproof fabric called tarpaulin.

This may have been shortened to tar at some point. Jack the Lad Br sl — самодовольный, уверенный в себе юный человек Jack the Lad is a young man who behaves in a conspicuously overconfident way. An irresponsible young man, seeking personal pleasure without regard to responsibilities. Jane Doe — юр. Джейн Доу, условное наименование лица дамского пола, чьё имя не понятно либо по тем либо другим причинам не оглашается; «имярек» Jane Doe is a name given to an unidentified female who may be party to legal proceedings, or to an unidentified person in hospital, or dead.

John Doe is the male equivalent. In ancient Roman religion and mythology, Janus is the god of beginnings and transitions, thence also of gates, doors, doorways, endings and time. He is usually a two-faced god since he looks to the future and the past.

The concepts of January and janitor are both based A statue representing Janus Bifrons in the Vatican on aspects of Janus. О боже! Да ты что? A mild oath. The words rhyme to imply a sense a humor and may have started as a line in some comedy or movie: Geez Louise! Jeeves — Дживз идеальный камердинер в произведениях П.

Вудхауса ; безупречный слуга A man who is a personal servant for another man. Reginald Jeeves is a fictional character created by British comic writer P. Jeeves is mainly the servant to Bertie Wooster, a rich, foolish, foppish but good-hearted post-First World War bachelor.

He uses his nearomniscience to get Bertie out of tricky situations, usually out of unsuitable engagements. He is well-known for his convoluted speech and for quoting from, among other things, the plays of Shakespeare and famous Romantic Poets.

Jeeves has been portrayed on television series by Stephen Fry in the early s. Стивенсона «Доктор Джекилл и мистер Хайд» ; синдром раздвоения личности A person who has two very different parts to their character, one good and one bad. It is about a London lawyer who investigates strange occurrences between his old friend, Dr Henry Jekyll, and the misanthropic Edward Hyde. The good Dr Jekyll invents a drug which transforms him into the evil Mr Hyde, along with an antidote which will return him to his better self.

Ultimately, Mr Hyde is driven to murder, and when he is unable to make the antidote, he commits suicide. Иеровоам; разг. The name also refers to 87 Jerry a wine bottle used for holding wine, generally made of glass. The bottles come in a large variety of sizes, several named for Biblical kings, and other figures. The standard bottle contains ml.

Jeroboam is also known as Double Magnum. Jerry — воен. Хрущёва The phrase means a temporary or shoddy construction, dates to It may derive from the name of a builder who was notorious for poor construction, for he constructed flimsy homes from inferior materials. An source unconfirmed says that the phrase is in reference to a particular construction project on the Mersey River in Britain. Something that is jerrybuilt is deliberately constructed of inferior materials to turn a quick buck.

Jim Crow — презр. Джим Кроу кличка, данная неграм южноамериканскими расистами ; расовая дискриминация, расизм By s, most Americans preferred to think of blacks as happy-go-lucky, childlike creatures who wanted nothing more from life than something good to eat and a chance to 88 Jingling Johnny sing and dance. The Jim Crow laws were state and local laws in the United States enacted between and They mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities in Southern states of the former Confederacy, with a supposedly separate but equal status for black Americans.

The separation led to treatment, financial support and accommodations that were usually inferior to those provided for white Americans, systematizing a number of economic, educational and social disadvantages. Some examples of Jim Crow laws are the segregation of public schools, public places, and public transportation, and the segregation of restrooms, restaurants, and drinking fountains for whites and blacks.

The US military was also segregated. State-sponsored school segregation was declared unconstitutional in The remaining Jim Crow laws were overruled in the 60s. Jim-dandy chiefly Am sl — высококлассный, роскошный Excellent, outstanding. I wish I had one like it.

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